Vargas Llosa om frihed & velstand

Den store, prisbelønnede peruvianske forfatter, Mario Vargas Llosa, har været på besøg hos American Enterprise Institute, hvor han modtog The Irving Kristol Award og som kvittering gav en tale for det neokonservative forum med titlen "Confessions of A Liberal".

Skulle nogle være i tvivl om, at den engang unge kommunist idag sympatiserer med ganske andre ideer og livssyn (og har interessante perspektiver at bygge dem på), kan de med fordel læse talen–også selvom hans syn på forholdet mellem idéer/kultur og økonomi kan forekomme en anelse naivt.

I talen berørte Vargas Llosa bl.a., hvordan begrebet "liberalisme" i store dele af verden er blevet korrumperet og perverteret til at betyde noget ganske andet, end det egentlig betyder, og hvorfor frihed i sidste ende er det væsentligste, når det gælder om at sikre mennneskehedens levestandard og fortsatte fremgang:

"[The] liberal I aspire to be considers freedom a core value. Thanks to this freedom, humanity has been able to journey from the primitive cave to the stars and the information revolution, to progress from forms of collectivist and despotic association to representative democracy. The foundations of liberty are private property and the rule of law; this system guarantees the fewest possible forms of injustice, produces the greatest material and cultural progress, most effectively stems violence and provides the greatest respect for human rights. …[Liberalism] is tolerance and respect for others, and especially for those who think differently from ourselves, who practice other customs and worship another god or who are non-believers. By agreeing to live with those who are different, human beings took the most extraordinary step on the road to civilization. It was an attitude or willingness that preceded democracy and made it possible, contributing more than any scientific discovery or philosophical system to counter violence and calm the instinct to control and kill in human relations. It is also what awakened that natural lack of trust in power, in all powers, which is something of a second nature to us liberals. We cannot do without power, except of course in the lovely utopias of the anarchists. But it can be held in check and counterbalanced so that it does not become excessive. It is possible to take away its unauthorized functions that quell the individual, that being who we liberals believe is the touchstone of society and whose rights we must respect and guarantee. Violating these rights inevitably unleashes a series of escalating abuses, which like concentric waves sweep away the very idea of social justice."

Tja, men den slags udtalelser skal den prisbelønnede Llosa nok ikke se frem til at få Nobelprisen i litteratur lige med det samme–for slet ikke at tale om Sonningprisen …

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