Da man fjernede huslejereguleringen i Norgei 1982, ændrede boligannoncerne i Oslo sig fra “Lejlighed søges” til “Lejlighed udlejes”. Det er et af resultaterne i Oust (2017).
Kan det siges mere enkelt, at boligmangel skyldes huslejeregulering?
Her er Cowens og Tabarroks beskrivelse af resultaterne:
Are Oust studied rent controls in Oslo, Norway and found that during the rent control era it was common for landlords to require their tenants to be of a certain gender, age, occupation and even religion (which would be illegal in the United States). Landlords would also find ways to charge extra by asking renters for extra services such as baby-sitting, garden work or snow-clearing. When rent control was eliminated, however, the number of apartments increased and landlords no longer advertised these kinds of requirements. Perhaps most telling, in the rent-control era it was common for renters to advertise “Apartment Wanted” but when rent controls were lifted it became much more common for landlords to advertise “Apartments for Rent!”
Og her er abstract fra Oust (2017):
The removal of the Norwegian rent control in 1982 created a natural experiment that enabled us to investigate whether rent control affected the search and matching process in the private residential rental market in the Norwegian capital, Oslo. We collected and analyzed data on “housing for rent”, “housing wanted” and “housing exchange-wanted” advertisements in Oslo covering a period from 1970 to 2008. We concluded that use of newspaper listing services by potential tenants and landlords changed after the rent control removal. Our results indicate that it is more costly, in time and money, for a potential tenant to search for and to find a home under rent control. Moreover, our results indicate that rent control increases the probability of and the distance from the ideal dwelling, in size, standard and location, a potential tenant have to settle for.