Tag-arkiv: tragedy of the commons

“No interest group has adequate incentive…”

Prof. Jonathan H. Adler skriver i The Atlantic om reguleringsmæssige miljøbeskyttelsestiltag og tragedy of the commons; og tilbyder i den forbindelse et mildt skulderklap til den eksisterende miljøregulering (“There have been significant environmental gains in many areas over the past fifty years, and traditional regulatory strategies deserve some of the credit, but modern environmental regulation is hardly a model of efficient governmental intervention“). Det, der får mig til at ville henvise til artiklen her på bloggen, er citatet nedenfor, som jeg egentlig synes indrammer debatten for og imod miljøbeskyttelsesregulering (og regulering indenfor andre retsområder) ganske glimrende:

One thing that Hardin [forfatteren til tragedy of the commons-artiklen] overlooked is that the political process often replicates the same economic dynamic that encourages the tragedy of the commons — a dynamic fostered by the ability to capture concentrated benefits while dispersing the costs. Like the herder who has an incentive to put out yet one more animal to graze, each interest group has every incentive to seek special benefits through the political process, while dispersing the costs of providing those benefits to the public at large. Just as no herder has adequate incentive to withhold from grazing one more animal, no interest group has adequate incentive to forego its turn to obtain concentrated benefits at public expense. No interest group has adequate incentive to put the interests of the whole ahead of the interests of the few. The logic of collective action discourages investments in sound public policy just as it discourages investments in sound ecological stewardship. This, in addition to the pervasiveness of special-interest rent seeking, explains many of the failings of centralized regulation. So despite the environmental gains of the past half-century, real challenges remain, and the tragedy of the commons is still with us.